Rafael Courtoisie is a writer, poet, and essayist, member of the Academia Nacional de Letras of Uruguay, corresponding member of the Real Academia Española, translator, and professor of Literary Theory. He has won various international prizes for his verse collections and his novels. These awards include: Premio Loewe (jury directed by Octavio Paz), Premio Blas de Otero in Spain (jury directed by Carlos Bousoño), Premio Plural (jury directed by Juan Gelman), Premio Jaime Sabines in Mexico, Premio Fraternidad in Jerusalem, Israel, Premio Nacional de Narrativa and Premio Nacional de Poesía in Uruguay, and Premio de la Crítica in Uruguay. He has worked as a university professor in Uruguay and as a visiting professor in various universities in the United States, England, Colombia, Chile, etc. His novels Goma de mascar [Chewing gum] (2008) and Tajos [Cuts] were recently republished. Parranda [Binge] (Visor, Premio Casa de América de Madrid, 2014) and Ordalía [Ordeal] (Huerga & Fierro, 2016) are his most recent verse collections published in Spain. La balada de la mudita [Ballad of the little mute] (2016) and Diario de un clavo [Diary of a nail] (2016) are his most recent books published in Mexico. His work has been translated into more than twenty languages.